Daufuskie Island is basically divided into five parts.
To the northeast is the Haig Point Club. This residential club is private and member-owned. Around 150 residents with over 225 live here year-round.
South of Haig Point was the Melrose Resort and residential community.
Farther south on the eastern side of the island is Oak Ridge. Oak Ridge is a small undeveloped oceanfront community. Further south lies Bloody Point, a semi-private residential community.
Melrose Resort remains in disrepair as of April 2019. The former owner faces charges for using resort money to pay for his own expenses.
The western part of the island is unincorporated land.
About 100 residents live in a variety of accommodations. There is a combination of cabins and quaint small houses to beautiful waterfront homes with private docks. This section of the island received federal designation as a historic district in the early 1980s. According to a study conducted by the Savannah College of Art and Design, the island has excellent examples of Gullah homes that have not been altered. There are descendants of the Gullah people living in this area on land which they have owned since just after the Civil War.
The Historic District offers many points of interest.
It boasts artisan shops, quirky restaurants and one coffee shop (located in the Mary Fields School where author Pat Conroy once taught), spectacular wildlife, historic church, and friendly locals. Most of the Historic District consists of historic winding dirt roads lined with Live Oaks. Most of them look very much the same as they did at least a century ago. This includes School Road, Benjie’s Point, Prospect Road, Bryant Road, and Pappy’s Landing.
A census in 2007 by the local Fire and Rescue Department counted a total of just 429 full-time residents. Rock musician John Mellencamp built a house on the island and uses it as a retreat.